Muivah's letter to India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi | Full Letter

Muivah's letter to India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi | Full Letter


Dated Oking, 25 February, 2020

NEW DELHI-110011

Hon'ble Prime Minister,

Warm greetings to you and the people of India from the Naga people. At the very outset, we are writing this letter to you because after 22 years of political dialogue between the Gol and the NSCN, a serious deadlock has emerged on the issue of the Naga National Flag and Constitution.

The NSCN agreed to start political negotiation with the Government of India (Gol) only after it recognized the Naga issue as political and stopped terming it as India's "Internal Law and Order Issue”. Hence, the Gol declared that military way of solution against the Nagas was not possible. It was on account of the change in the policy of the Gol that the NSCN agreed to sit across the negotiating table. Cease-fire was officially declared on August 1, 1997 and it was agreed that the political dialogue shall be at the Highest, i.e. Prime Minister Level; Without Pre-Condition; and Outside India in a Third Country. Several rounds of talks have been held in different countries, outside India including Paris France, New York USA, The Hague Netherlands, Bangkok and Chiangmai Thailand, Zurich, Geneva, Osaka Japan , Kuala-Lumpur Malaysia, Vienna Austria, Milan Italy, New Delhi in India and Dimapur in Naga land.

Negotiations have taken place with various Prime Ministers of India including PV. Narashimha Rao (1995 Paris), Deve Gowda (1997 Zurich and Geneva Switzerland), AB Vajpayee (1998 Paris and 2001 Osaka) and Dr. Man Mohan Singh (2010 New Delhi). In 2005, a Group of Ministers was appointed for the Indo-Naga political dialogue including Mr. Shivraj Patil, Union Home Minister, Mr. Oscar Fernandes, Minister of State, Mr. Prithviraj Chavan, MoS (PMO), Mr.S. Regupathy, MoS (Home). Special Emissaries and Representatives of the Gol have also been appointed from Mr. Swaraj Kaushal, Mr.K. Padmanabhaiah, Mr.R.S. Pandey, Mr. Ajit Lal to Mr. RN. Ravi.

With the signing of the Amsterdam Joint Communiqué of July 11, 2002, the Gol officially recognized the “Unique history and situation of the Nagas”. This official recognition of the unique history and situation of the Nagas was the first realistic step forward in the political negotiation. The Gol renewed its official invitation to the NSCN Leadership Chairman Isak Chishi Swu and the General Secretary and Naga Chief Negotiator Th. Muivah to come to Delhi India in December, 2002 through the Amsterdam joint Communiqué of July 11, 2002 and the subsequent MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING Dated: 18 November 2002, Milan, Italy. The MoU was in addition to a conscious decision of the Gol to discontinue the ban on the NSCN under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

In the year 2010 during the interlocutor ship of RS. Pandey, the Gol submitted its first comprehensive official response to the NSCN in New Delhi, wherein, it proposed that the political dialogue should move forward on the principle of “Shared Sovereignty”. The subsequent outcome was the official signing of the Framework Agreement of 30 August, 2015 in New Delhi, India during your Prime Minister ship. Our late Chairman Isak Chishi Swu with your understanding had the historic opportunity to sign the Framework agreement (FA) from his sickbed at the Fortis hospital in New Delhi. We appreciated your statesmanship and your testimonial statement that, everything is possible through negotiation and mutual respect. We also have faith that the good Lord will bless your leadership and give you the wisdom to fulfill the divine task entrusted to you to usher in permanent peace in the region through the conclusion of an acceptable and honourable political solution between India and the Naga people.

As you are well aware, the FA reaffirmed that the Indo-Naga issue is political and upheld the recognized “Unique history and situation” of the Nagas. The FA also acknowledged the intricacies of the Indian system and in consonance with contemporary realities both the parties acknowledged that violent confrontation must end to usher in peace and progress. Both the parties are cognizant of the universal principle that in democracy sovereignty lies with the people and lastly, an enduring inclusive peaceful co-existence of the two entities (Nations) can be achieved only through the sharing of sovereign power/shared sovereignty as defined in the competencies.

In view of concluding a lasting and acceptable and honorable political agreement as per the principle of the FA, we had mentioned in our proposal that, “Nagaland shall use its National Flag, Anthem, Emblem and Insignia". We also have proposed that, “This Agreement shall constitute a constitution which shall be called Yehzabo, covering the areas of its own competencies”. Our proposal is not a demand, neither does it in any way deviate from officially agreed FA. Without any ambiguity, it mentions that as per the universal democratic principle “sovereignty lies with the people” and the peaceful co-existence of the two entities shall be through the sharing of sovereign power. An acceptable political solution can be achieved only through respect for a people's history and their national identity. Nagas are not lost people and if India respects our history, we will respect India ten times more. The mutually agreed competencies and the recognition of the two core issues are based on the FA, therefore, it does not undermine the security or integrity of India. It is, therefore, imperative that the principle of FA must be taken to its logical conclusion through the recognition of the Naga National Flag and Constitution.

Hon'ble Prime Minister, we believe that the PMO Representative of the Gol, RN. Ravi must be briefing you on the progress of the political negotiation with the NSCN. That through this representation, we wish to inform you that most of the important issues or competencies are already resolved and as mentioned the only remaining issue is Naga Flag and Constitution.

Today, we also bring to your notice some matters of serious concern regarding the activities of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and its Agencies including NIA and Assam Rifles. As you are well aware, 22 years of political negotiation had started at the Highest, i.e. Prime Minister Level; Without Pre-Condition; and Outside India in a Third Country. And we had come to India on the invitation of the Gol. However, we are totally shocked and surprised that even after more than two decades of political negotiation, the MHA and its Agencies have become obnoxious. It has come as a total shock and surprise that the Gol has started branding and accusing the members of the NSCN who are in political negotiation as "terrorist” and with impunity they are arresting the members of the organization. The activities of the MHA are deliberate and calculated policies of the Gol to down grade the political negotiation to "India's internal law and order issue". The Nagas are observing a repeat of the militarization and a consciously carried out state terrorism in the Naga areas and against the Naga people through a show of force, arrest and allegation against NSCN members for “terror funding", imposing check gates, frequent raids, using jet fighters and tanks. The design and intent of the MHA and its Agencies are unjustifiable and a serious provocation that goes against the principle and spirit of the political negotiation and the FA.

The activities of the PMO Representative of the Gol after his appointment as the Governor of Nagaland has become a matter of great concern as he is consciously functioning within the law and order purview of the Constitution of India. It is a deliberate deviation from his appointment as the Representative of the Gol for the Indo-Naga peace talks. The activities of the Representative of the Gol is polarizing the Naga society instead of uniting the Nagas for an honourable political solution. This can be observed from the activities of the Representative of the Gol who is segregating the Naga civil society and meeting only a certain section of the Naga society who are not committed to genuine political solution and who do not represent the genuine aspiration of the Naga people.

The Representative of the Gol has left out the main stakeholders including the Naga Hoho, Naga Mothers, Naga People's Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) and Naga Student's Federation (NSF). It has come to our knowledge that the Representative of the Gol has been hobnobbing with the so called NNPG's to make an agreement. In this regard, it is important to remember the commitment of the former Prime Minister of India, PV. Narashimha Rao when we told him to clarify the position of the Gol on the other Naga faction, he stated, "Why should I talk with them? The issue is not with them. The issue is with you. The people are with you. You have proved yourself therefore if I talk with you, solution can be worked out. I will not talk with them, they have not proved themselves, I know who they are, they are in my hand”. The act of the Representative of the Gol undermines the sanctity of the FA, the signing of which was witnessed by the important leaders of India including the Prime Minister. We need not remind the Gol that such action of the Representative of the Gol will certainly be another Himalayan blunder while dealing with the Indo-Naga issue.

The NSCN also had exercised much restraint against the systematic ultimatum issued by the Representative of the Gol since July, 2019, which was repeated again during the talks on 31st October, 2019. The Representative of the Gol has acted very irresponsible and disrespectful to the Naga talk team during the talks on 30th January, 2020 in Dimapur, Nagaland referring to the NSCN proposal submitted on 18th January, 2020 as, “stupid and contaminated. I will not take cognizance of this draft proposal. I think you have submitted this document by mistake.” After the political talks of 30th January, 2020, the Representative of the Gol has again given an ultimatum to the NSCN through an Intelligence Bureau (IB) officer stating, “The next date of meeting will be fixed after NSCN submits its draft proposal as was told to them in the meeting dated 30th January, 2020”. This calls for an official clarification from the Gol as to whether it is the individual action of the Representative of the Gol or it has been done under the directive of the Gol.

The behavior of the Representative of the Gol towards the Nagas is totally unacceptable. History has shown that Nagas have not taken lightly with any insults hit on them which has led to the decade's old Indo-Naga conflict that is yet to be resolved. The “politics of fear" against the Naga people which the Gol and MHA have sanctioned on the Nagas is having a serious ramification that is undermining the ongoing political dialogue.

The latest episode of the MHA which has through a missive to the vernment questioned our presence in Dimapur. Nagaland (MHA Letter No. 9/1/2007-T dated February 11, 2020) has become a matter of serious concern to the NSCN and the Nagas. We have come to India on the invitation of the Gol and we are in Nagaland to meet our own Naga people vis-à-vis the peace process. If the MHA is trying to stop us from meeting our own people, then, their negative intent against the peace process has become very clear. We are seriously concerned with this state of affairs created by the MHA and its Agencies and the Representative of the Gol for the Indo-Naga peace talk. If pragmatic political decisions are not taken by the Gol, then, we have no doubt that the serious concerns mentioned above is already jeopardizing the political peace process between the Gol and the NSCN.

God has a plan and a place for all nations including India and the Nagas. We do not demand anything from India, but the Naga people should have our God given share here on earth. The Gol and the NSCN have negotiated for 22 years and it is within the plan and will of the Lord God Almighty that there should be an acceptable and honorable political solution of the two entities. We, the NSCN and the Nagas, are prepared for an honorable solution. However, if India or the BJP led NDA government is not prepared and be ready to let the Nagas have their share of an honorable and acceptable political solution, then, let the Lord God Almighty judge between India and the Nagas.

Hon'ble Prime Minister, the NSCN and the Naga people sincerely pray that the Lord God Almighty will stir your heart and give you sufficient political and spiritual insight and wisdom to understand the significance of ending the decades old political conflict between India and the Nagas and comprehend the value of bequeathing an honorable political solution and acceptable legacy not only for the Naga people but for the people of India and the world in general.

On the official invitation of the Gol, we first arrived in India in 2002 and after our subsequent visits, we have since 2010 patiently stayed in India to conclude an acceptable and honourable political settlement. As mentioned, several rounds of talks with the Prime Ministers of India and the Representatives of the Gol have already been completed and the unique outcome was the signing of the Framework Agreement on August 3, 2015. However, in the given circumstances and in order to save the political dialogue, the talks should resume at the Highest, i.e. Prime Minister Level; Without Pre-Condition; and Outside India in a Third Country. And if our stay in India is no more welcome, all necessary arrangement must be made for us to leave India and the political talks be resumed in a third country.

May the good Lord God Almighty bless your leadership and give you wisdom for the task entrusted to you.

Yours sincerely,

Mr. Th. Muivah,
Ato Kilonser, NSCN / GPRN and Naga Chief Negotiator.

Copy to:

1. Minister of External Affairs, Gol.
2. Home Minister, Gol.
3. PMO Special Emissary and Representative, Gol, Naga Peace Talks.
4. Others Concerned.
5. Guard File.

Mr. Th. Muivah, Ato Kilonser,
NSCN /GPRN and Naga Chief Negotiator.